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Triumph over State-Sponsored Cronyism:
Arty Vogt and PLF Tear Down a
Roadblock to Economic Liberty


Arty Vogt

West Virginia’s consumers wanted to use the Vogts’ moving company.
West Virginia’s government said no. PLF made them say yes.


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Free to Work

Arty Vogt started working at Lloyd’s Transfer and Storage in 1992, when he was just out of college.

  • By 2005, Arty and his wife Stephanie had saved enough money to buy the business, and they became the new owners of the Berryville, Virginia, moving company.
  • Since then, the company’s reputation for excellent service and short distance from the West Virginia state line led to an increasing customer base in the Mountain State.
  • But West Virginia wasn’t about to let them in.

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Arty and Stephanie were professionally qualified and had a federal license for interstate moves, so providing service in West Virginia wasn’t a problem—until 2012 when the state sent them a cease-and-desist letter saying that they weren’t licensed for moves within the state.

The Vogts ran into one of the most anti-competitive laws in the nation: a Certificate of Need requirement. Sometimes called “Competitor’s Veto” laws, these measures essentially allow existing businesses to shutdown new competition.

At the time, West Virginia required Artie and Stephanie to prove to a state bureaucrat that there was a "need" for their moving business that couldn’t be handled by existing businesses. As if that weren’t enough, prospective licensees also required permission from all the other moving businesses in the state.

One of West Virginia’s largest moving businesses—located 150 miles away—took issue with the new competition and appealed the license request. The state then denied the Vogts' application.

Turns out that the state had been simply deferring to the existing businesses and denying every application they didn’t like. The last time a business had been able to obtain a Certificate was in 2005.

Stephanie hired a lawyer and nearly one year and $10,000 later, they lost their case.

Soon after losing that fight, Stephanie lost another important battle. This time to cancer.

Arty was determined to honor Stephanie’s memory by fighting the un-American, protectionist law.

He teamed up with Pacific Legal Foundation. Represented free of charge, Arty sued, arguing that the government shouldn’t be in the business of picking winners and losers.

The state relentlessly defended its cronyism until Arty and PLF were about to file a motion for summary judgement.

That’s when the state legislature passed Senate Bill 174—or “Stephanie’s Law,” as Arty calls it—excluding moving companies from the Certificate of Need requirement.

Arty is now free to operate his business within West Virginia. It was indeed a victory for his late wife and for everyone’s right to engage in honest free enterprise.

Why We Fight

Americans have the right to pursue economic opportunity to better themselves, their families, and their communities.

It’s up to entrepreneurs and consumers to decide how many businesses a state needs. Not bureaucrats or competitors.

No law should allow entrenched businesses to strip others’ freedom to do the work they choose or block fair competition in the marketplace.

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About Us

Pacific Legal Foundation empowers Americans like Arty Vogt to fight back—and win—when faced by arbitrary and unconstitutional government abuse.

In partnership with our clients, we sue the government when it violates Americans’ individual rights.

PLF has 45 years of experience with the law, scoring precedent-setting victories in the nation’s highest courts, including 10 wins at the United States Supreme Court.


In the Media

Let’s move free enterprise to West Virginia - Washington Post

Anastasia Boden, a lawyer with the Pacific Legal Foundation, represents Arty Vogt in his challenge to West Virginia’s “competitor’s veto” law for the moving industry.

Larry Salzman, Todd Gaziano: Outdated WV law places burden on ...

Most Americans would agree that government shouldn’t pick winners and losers in the marketplace. That’s cronyism. It may surprise many to know, however, that laws exist in many states to do just that: “Certificate of Necessity” laws.

There’s plenty to celebrate on Independence Day 2017 - Las ...

Vogt challenged the Competitor’s Veto law in court and the legislature repealed it. Now he can compete with whomever he wants.

West Virginia is sued for blocking new moving company start-ups

This law seeks to stifle that system entirely in the home moving services market and no doubt costs West Virginia’s residents in both cash and quality

Blocking New Movers: West Virginia the Latest State to Repeal Unconstitutional Anti-Competitor Law

With that state repealing their competitor’s veto law, plaintiff Arty Vogt (and a host of unnamed others) can now operate freely and, in accordance with the protections of the constitution, earn a living without undue government interference.

Finally, a right to move — and to compete — in West Virginia

I've been a household goods mover for more than 24 years and, since 2005, owner of Lloyd's Transfer & Storage, a small moving company in Berryville, Virginia, just 10 miles from the West Virginia border.